The Typhoid Rapid Test Cassette is a rapid chromatographic immunoassay for the simultaneous detection and differentiation of IgG and IgM types of antibodies against Salmonella typhi (S. typhi) in human serum or plasma. The diagnostic test cassette consists of two components: an IgG component and an IgM component. The IgG line region is pre-coated with reagents for the detection of anti-S. typhi (IgG). The IgM line region is pre-coated with monoclonal anti-human IgM for detection of anti-S. typhi (IgM).
During testing, specimen dispensed into the sample well of the test cassette binds with Typhoid conjugates impregnated in the reagent area, if the specimen contains anti-Typhoid antibodies. The immunocomplex thus formed migrates by capillary action. If the present antibodies in specimen are of IgG types, the immunocomplex is then captured by the pre-coated reagents on the membrane, forming a colored IgG line, indicating a S. typhi IgG positive test result. If the present antibodies in the specimen are of IgM type, the immunocomplex would be captured on the membrane by the pre-coated anti-human IgM antibody, forming a colored IgM line, indicating a S. typhi IgM positive test result .Absence of any T lines (IgM and IgG) indicates a negative result. A colored control line (C) should always appear in case of a positive or a negative result. Its absence indicates invalid test results.